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02/12/2021

Did the Spartans destroy Athens?

Did the Spartans destroy Athens?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military supremacy and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

Why didnt Sparta destroy Athens after the war?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

How did Sparta finally defeat Athens?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

What happened to the Athens?

The Final End of Athenian Democracy. A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy. Philip’s decisive victory came in 338 BC, when he defeated a combined force from Athens and Thebes.

Did Athens ever recover?

The Spartans began to gather allies to conquer Athens. They even enlisted the help of the Persians who lent them money to build a fleet of warships. Athens, however recovered and won a series of battles between 410 and 406 BC.

Who brought charges in Athenian law?

As in modern times, a case was initiated by a plaintiff bringing a complaint. The plaintiff was responsible for serving the complaint on the defendant in the presence of witnesses. [14] The complaint was then brought before a magistrate, who was a citizen chosen by lot, who then held a preliminary hearing [anakrisis].

What did Draco do ancient Greece?

7th century BC), also called Drako or Drakon, was the first recorded legislator of Athens in Ancient Greece. He replaced the prevailing system of oral law and blood feud by a written code to be enforced only by a court of law.

How did the courts work in Athens?

Athens. Ancient Greek courts were cheap and run by laypeople. Court officials were paid little, if anything, and most trials were completed within a day, with private cases done even quicker. There were no court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges.

What was an Athenian trial called?

The trial of Socrates

How did Athenians decide if someone was guilty of a crime?

Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …

How long did Greek trials last?

Verdict

EAT/ESA member Sentence (first trial) Sentence (second trial)
Hadjizisis 23 years 7 years
Theophilogiannakos 20 years 7 years
Spanos 20 years 5 years
Tsalas 15 years 4 years

What was the penalty for murder in ancient Greece?

The penalty for intentional homicide was death, though exile seems to have been a common outcome, and the accused was allowed to go into exile voluntarily at any time up until his second speech in court, which would then be delivered by a friend or relative in the hope of persuading the jury to vote for acquittal …

What is a Greek adage about their newborn child?

What is a Greek adage (saying) about their newborn children? “If you have a boy, keep it. If you have a girl, expose it.”