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01/10/2021

How are Athens and Sparta alike and different?

How are Athens and Sparta alike and different?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.

How did ancient Romans do their hair?

Roman Period. In early times, Roman men wore their hair hardly different from the Greeks. Prior to 300 BC, a simple and natural hairstyle prevailed, and only dandies used curling irons and hair oil. Similarly, the hairstyle of women was simple at that time; the long hair was tied to a juvenile knot or a matron’s bun.

What was ancient Rome’s religion?

As different cultures settled in what would later become Italy, each brought their own gods and forms of worship. This made the religion of ancient Rome polytheistic, in that they worshipped many gods. They also worshipped spirits. Rivers, trees, fields and buildings each had their own spirit, or numen.

What rank is Centurion?

The centurion was the commander of a centuria, which was the smallest unit of a Roman legion. A legion was nominally composed of 6,000 soldiers, and each legion was divided up into 10 cohorts, with each cohort containing 6 centuria.

What do Roman soldiers eat?

The Roman legions’ staple ration of food was wheat. In the 4th century, most legionaries ate as well as anyone in Rome. They were supplied with rations of bread and vegetables along with meats such as beef, mutton, or pork. Rations also depended on where the legions were stationed or were campaigning.

Why did Roman soldiers wear a belt?

Over an undertunic made of linen, they used to wear a sleeveless or short-sleeved tunic made of wool. A belt allowed the wearer to adjust the tunic’s length by pulling up the fabric and draping it over the belt.

What were some of their fighting weapons?

Personal weapons of a roman legionary

  • Pugio.
  • Gladius.
  • Spatha.
  • Spears and javelins (hastae)
  • Projectile weapons.
  • Dolabra.
  • Ligo.
  • Falx.

What is the purpose of a belt?

Belts are used variously to secure or hold up clothing, such as trousers, shorts, and skirts; to carry objects, such as tools and weapons; and to define or accentuate the waist. Some garments have a series of belt loops at the waist, through which a belt can be threaded.