How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet?

How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet?

How did Athens and Sparta differ? Athens and Sparta differed because Athens was a democracy and Sparta was an oligarchy. Also, Spartans focused very much on military and that was the main goal– to raise strong boys to be in the military whereas Athens wanted to raise educated people not just for fighting.

What is the difference between Athens and Sparta education?

Education In Athens, boys were educated to be good citizens. In Sparta, boys and girls alike were educated to protect the city-state. Spartan boys began their military training at age 7, and men served in the army until age 60. Women and Slaves In Athens, women and slaves had far fewer rights than men had.

What are the main differences between the powerful city-states of Sparta and Athens what was valued in each of the city-states?

For example, Sparta was harsh and a military based city-state. In comparison, Athens emphasis in their city-state was education and the arts. In addition, the two city-states also had different values. Spartans valued strength, duty and discipline while Athenians valued knowledge, arts and wisdom in battle.

Why did Sparta lose its power?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military supremacy and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

Did Sparta fight the Romans?

The Laconian War of 195 BC was fought between the Greek city-state of Sparta and a coalition composed of Rome, the Achaean League, Pergamum, Rhodes, and Macedon….War against Nabis.

Date 195 BC
Location Laconia and Argolid
Result Victory of the anti-Spartan coalition

What mountain towers over Sparta?

Mount Taygetus seen from Sparti, located on the east side of the Eurotas rift valley. The fault scarps marking the strike of the Sparta Fault are visible on the eastern face of the mountain….Taygetus.

Mount Taygetus
Ταΰγετος Profitis Ilias (HP)
Highest point
Elevation 2,404 m (7,887 ft)
Prominence 2,344 m (7,690 ft)

Did ancient Sparta have a port?

It was the seaport of Sparta, some 40 kilometres (25 miles) north. Gytheio is the site of ancient Cranae, a tiny island where according to legend Paris of Troy and Helen from Sparta spent their first night together before departing for Troy, thus igniting the Trojan War.

What is Peloponnese?

Peloponnese, also spelled Peloponnesus, Modern Greek Pelopónnisos, peninsula of 8,278 square miles (21,439 square km), a large, mountainous body of land jutting southward into the Mediterranean that since antiquity has been a major region of Greece, joined to the rest of mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth.

Is Peloponnese worth visiting?

Along the crinkled coastline of the Peloponnese, castles and fortresses were erected for protection. At Nafplio, the spectacular Palamidi citadel looms high above the town, while the castles of Koroni and Pylos – the latter with two from different periods – are also worth a visit.

What is Peloponnese famous for?

Greece’s southern prong, Outer Mani, has postcard-pretty villages like Kardamyli and Stoupa dotted along its rugged, empty coastline. The Peloponnese is known for its world-famous olives, wide beaches and passionate locals who are fiercely proud of their homeland.

What cities are in the Peloponnese?


  • Patras – 170,896 inhabitants.
  • Kalamata – 62,409 inhabitants.
  • Corinth – 38,132 inhabitants.
  • Tripoli – 30,912 inhabitants.
  • Aigio – 26,523 inhabitants.
  • Pyrgos – 25,180 inhabitants.
  • Argos – 24,700 inhabitants.
  • Sparta – 19,854 inhabitants.