How did Spartan military differ from Athens?
Sparta was so focused on their military that women ran Sparta while the men were away. The only people who were considered citizens were the Spartan soldiers. In Athens, the military was just one part of society. Whereas women ran society in Sparta, Athenian women had fewer rights.
How did the Spartans beat the Athenians?
War reignited decisively around 415 B.C. when Athens received a call to help allies in Sicily against invaders from Syracuse, where an Athenian official defected to Sparta, convincing them that Athens was planning to conquer Italy. Sparta sided with Syracuse and defeated the Athenians in a major sea battle.
What Polis had the strongest army?
Chapter 4 The Ancient Greeks
|polis||the early Greek city-state, made up of a city and the surrounding countryside and run like an independent country|
|acropolis||fortified hill in ancient Greek cities|
|agora||an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place|
|Sparta||had the strongest army in Greece|
Did the Romans remove body hair?
Gender and hair care in ancient Rome They did not just cut hair and shave beards, but also trimmed finger and toe nails, removed unwanted body hair and made wigs.
At what age does beard grow fully?
Typically, full beard growth is possible starting at around age 18, but for many men, that time may not arrive until they’re 30.
Why do Jews have beards?
Many Orthodox Jews prefer to grow beards, for a variety of religious, social, and cultural reasons, even if they believe that electric shavers would be permitted; many Orthodox Jews, even Hasidic Orthodox Jews, today grow beards to keep the tradition of their ancestors, regardless of the permissibility of their removal …
Why do Jews Rock when they pray?
Every time a Jew engages with the Torah, the light of his or her soul ignites, which is why he or she moves like the flame of a candle. This striking image illustrates the desire of many religious Jews to connect directly with God by learning and praying.
Why do Hasidic Jews shave their heads?
While some women chose merely to cover their hair with a cloth or sheitel, or wig, the most zealous shave their heads beneath to ensure that their hair is never seen by others. “There is a certain energy to the hair, and after you get married it can hurt you instead of benefiting you,” said Ms. Hazan, now 49.
Why do Jews wear big hats?
Hats and head coverings An observant Jewish man will always have this on his head. This is an essential rule, and the purpose is to remind himself constantly that G-d is above him in heaven. With any other hat that an Ultra-Orthodox man wears, he will still be wearing a Yarmulke underneath.
Why do Hasidim wear black?
Though a symbol of strict adherence to Jewish law, the wearing of a black hat is custom and not law. In the United States, it was almost exclusively the domain of rabbis and yeshiva students until about 40 years ago. And it is no small statement of fashion, even among a people taught to value modesty and humility.
Why do Jews cover their kitchen in foil?
The tradition of covering kitchen surfaces with foil during the Passover, or Pesach, all has to do with ensuring the surfaces upon which food is prepared during the Passover week are free of chametz. Chametz refers to foods with leavening agents, which are forbidden during Pesach.
Why do Jews touch the door?
Any Jew can recite the blessing, provided they are old enough to understand the significance of the mitzvah. After the blessing, the mezuzah is attached. Whenever passing through the doorway, many people touch a finger to the mezuzah as a way of showing respect to God.
Why do Hasidic wives wear wigs?
Orthodox women do not show their hair in public after their wedding. With a headscarf or a wig – referred to in Yiddish as a sheitel – they signal to their surroundings that they are married and that they comply with traditional notions of propriety.
Why is mezuzah at an angle?
This is done to accommodate the variant opinions of the medieval Rabbis Rashi and Rabbeinu Tam as to whether it should be placed horizontally or vertically, and also to imply that God and the Torah (which the mezuzah symbolizes) are entering the room.
Why do Orthodox Jews have curls?
Payot are worn by some men and boys in the Orthodox Jewish community based on an interpretation of the Tenach injunction against shaving the “sides” of one’s head. Literally, pe’ah means “corner, side, edge”. There are different styles of payot among Haredi or Hasidic, Yemenite, and Chardal Jews.