Close

04/13/2019

What are Athens and Sparta?

What are Athens and Sparta?

Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many. In 431 BCE a war broke out between Athens and Sparta.

What happened between Sparta and Athens?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

How was Sparta destroyed?

464 BC Sparta earthquake The Sparta earthquake of 464 BC destroyed much of Sparta. Events surrounding this revolt led to an increase in tension between Sparta and their rival Athens and the cancellation of a treaty between them.

Are there any Spartans left?

But today there is still a town called Sparta in Greece in the very same spot as the ancient city. So, in a way, Spartans still exist, although these days they tend to be a little less strict and certainly not as good at fighting with spears and shields as the ancients.

Did Sparta really fight Persia?

Battle of Thermopylae In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae. An army of Spartans, Thespians and Thebans remained to fight the Persians.

What did the Spartans eat?

Spartans primarily ate a soup made from pigs’ legs and blood, known as melas zōmos (μέλας ζωμός), which means “black soup”. According to Plutarch, it was “so much valued that the elderly men fed only upon that, leaving what flesh there was to the younger”. It was famous amongst the Greeks.

Who was the last ruler of Greece?

Constantine II of Greece

Who was the 1st king of Greece?

Otto

Who is king of Greece now?

Constantine II of Greece

Constantine II
Born 2 June 1940 Psychiko, Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Spouse Anne-Marie of Denmark ​ ​ ( m. 1964)​
Issue Princess Alexia Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece Prince Nikolaos Princess Theodora Prince Philippos
House Glücksburg

Did Greece have emperors?

From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). Eventually, these advisors overthrew the monarchy and took the power for themselves. By 800 B.C.E., most of the Greek city-states were no longer ruled by kings.