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06/02/2021

What are the main principles of democracy?

What are the main principles of democracy?

According to American political scientist Larry Diamond, democracy consists of four key elements: a political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections; the active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life; protection of the human rights of all citizens; …

What is an example of a democracy?

The United States and Nigeria are examples of presidential democracies. The executive branch includes the president and his cabinet. Along with the judicial and legislative branch, the three branches of government work to keep checks and balances, but the president has final say.

What’s the difference between democracy and a republic?

In a pure democracy, laws are made directly by the voting majority leaving the rights of the minority largely unprotected. In a republic, laws are made by representatives chosen by the people and must comply with a constitution that specifically protects the rights of the minority from the will of the majority.

Is Pericles the father of democracy?

495 – 429 BC) was a Greek statesman and general of Athens during its golden age. Pericles also fostered Athenian democracy to such an extent that critics call him a populist.

How did Pericles affect democracy?

Pericles set about toppling the Areopagus (ar-ee-OP-uh-guhs), or the noble council of Athens, in favor of a more democratic system that represented the interests of the people. He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to leave work and participate in the justice system.

What ended Greek democracy?

The Final End of Athenian Democracy. A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy. Philip’s decisive victory came in 338 BC, when he defeated a combined force from Athens and Thebes.

How did Pericles strengthen democracy?

Pericles strengthened democracy by creating a direct democracy that had not existed before and by hiring more paid public officials. His policies were intended to make it possible for any person regardless of socioeconomic status to serve in the government.

How did Pericles change the world?

Pericles is perhaps best remembered for a building program centred on the Acropolis which included the Parthenon and for a funeral oration he gave early in the Peloponnesian War, as recorded by Thucydides. In the speech he honoured the fallen and held up Athenian democracy as an example to the rest of Greece.

What is Pericles trying to say in his speech?

In his speech, Pericles states that the citizens of Athens must continue to support the war. He wanted to emphasis that what they were fighting for was of the upmost importance. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens, its citizens, and its freedom.

What is a philosophic legacy?

The Philosophers’ Legacy was a slush fund of one hundred billion dollars collected by the highest powers in China, the Soviet Union, and the United States around the time of World War II. During World War II, a secret pact was concluded between the Philosophers, that eventually resulted in the creation of the Legacy.

What is the philosophic legacy of Aristotle?

Legacy. Aristotle’s philosophy, logic, science, metaphysics, ethics, politics, and system of deductive reasoning have been of inestimable importance to philosophy, science, and even business. His theories impacted the medieval church and continue to have significance today.

What was the philosophic legacy of Athens?

He advanced the foundations of democracy and governed during Athens’s Golden Age, when the arts, architecture, and philosophy—as well as Athens itself—reached new heights.

Why was the idea of democracy a great legacy of Greece?

Perhaps the greatest legacy the Greeks left for the world was the idea of democracy and ways to run a government. Democracy Becomes Reality The citizens of some Greek city-states practiced direct democracy. Unfortunately, citizenship was limited to a few people.

What is the legacy of ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is remembered for developing democracy, inventing Western philosophy, realistic art, developing theater like comedy and tragedy, the Olympic Games, inventing pi, and the Pythagoras theorem.

What made ancient Greece unique?

The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture. Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today.

What did the Greeks do for us?

The arts, sports, medicine, law, language, science, mathematics, philosophy, buildings and even some inventions, have all been greatly influenced by the Ancient Greeks. …