What did Spartans call the five men elected each year?
In Sparta, five men were elected each year, called ephors, were responsible for keeping order and educating citizens.
Who were the Athenians and Spartans?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
Who was allowed to be in the Government Assembly in Athens?
It was the popular assembly, open to all male citizens as soon as they qualified for citizenship. In 594 BC, Solon allowed all Athenian citizens to participate, regardless of class, except thetes.
What was the title given to the leaders of the oligarchy in ancient Sparta?
The ephors were leaders of ancient Sparta, and its colonies of Taras and Heraclea, and shared power with the two Spartan kings. The ephors were a council of five Spartan men elected annually who swore an oath monthly on the behalf of the city. The kings however, would swear on behalf of themselves.
What was the name of the battle formation that Spartan soldiers used?
Why was Persia so powerful?
The different factors that contributed to Persia’s major success as an influential empire were transportation, coordination, and their tolerance policy. Persia being accepted by those that they ruled is one of the reasons why it became successful because there weren’t many rebellions during the Persian rule.
Why did Darius swear revenge on the Greeks?
Why did Darius swear to get revenge on the Greeks? Darius and Xerxes wanted to invade Greece because parts of Greece were rebelling against the Persian Empire and were trying to break away from Persian rule.
When did Persia become Iran?
What was Iran called in the Bible?
In the later parts of the Bible, where this kingdom is frequently mentioned (Books of Esther, Daniel, Ezra and Nehemiah), it is called Paras (Biblical Hebrew: פרס), or sometimes Paras u Madai (פרס ומדי), (“Persia and Media”).
Why is Iran no longer called Persia?
Iran was always known as ‘Persia’ to foreign governments and was once heavily influenced by Great Britain and Russia. In 1935, however, the Iranian government requested that all countries with which it had diplomatic relations call the country by its Persian name, Iran.
What was the most disgraceful thing a person could do in Persian society?
The Persian culture held the truth in high esteem. Telling a lie was one of the most disgraceful things a person could do.
Did Herodotus like Persia?
Herodotus was deeply impressed not only by the great size of the Persian Empire but also by the varied and polyglot nature of its army, which was yet united in a single command, in complete contrast to the Greek forces with their political divisions and disputatious commanders, although the Greeks shared a common …
Did Alexander the Great ever lose?
In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle. After securing his kingdom in Greece, in 334 B.C. Alexander crossed into Asia (present-day Turkey) where he won a series of battles with the Persians under Darius III.
Who destroyed Persepolis?
How was Persia destroyed?
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran, was carried out by the Rashidun Caliphate from 633 to 654 AD and led to the fall of the Sassanid Empire of Persia as well as the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion.
What is modern day Susa?
Susa, also called Shushan, Greek Susiane, modern Shush, capital of Elam (Susiana) and administrative capital of the Achaemenian king Darius I and his successors from 522 bce. It was located at the foot of the Zagros Mountains near the bank of the Karkheh Kūr (Choaspes) River in the Khuzistan region of Iran.