What did the Athenians wear?
Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.
How many citizens were in ancient Athens?
Estimates of the population of ancient Athens vary. During the 4th century BC, there might well have been some 250,000–300,000 people in Attica. Citizen families could have amounted to 100,000 people and out of these some 30,000 would have been the adult male citizens entitled to vote in the assembly.
What made you a citizen in ancient Athens?
To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents, over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children under the age of 20 were not allowed to become citizens.
Who was allowed to be a citizen in ancient Athens?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
Why was slavery important in Athens?
Slaves in Athens were very important (almost 1/3 of the Athenian population was slaves) because it was the labor of the slaves that gave Athenian men the leisure time to go to the Agora, participate in government, and develop a love of the arts.
What was the importance of slavery to the Athenian economy?
Our sources leave little doubt that in Athens, slaves were essential in mining, worked on the rural estates and in the workshops and businesses of the wealthy, and served them in their homes. There is no sector of the elite economy in which slaves were not commonly employed, and the same is true for Rome.