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06/03/2021

What disease was the number one killer during the Civil War?

What disease was the number one killer during the Civil War?

At the beginning of the war, soldiers routinely constructed latrines close to streams contaminating the water for others downstream. Diarrhea and dysentery were the number one killers. (Dysentery is considered diarrhea with blood in the stool.) 57,000 deaths were directly recorded to these most disabling maladies.

What was the most common amputation in the Civil War?

The slow-moving Minie bullet used during the American Civil War caused catastrophic injuries. The two minie bullets, for example, that struck John Bell Hood’s leg at Chickamauga destroyed 5 inches of his upper thigh bone. This left surgeons no choice but to amputate shattered limbs.

What were most hospitals like during the Civil War?

Civil War field hospitals were horrible places. They were typically set up in barns or homes nearby the battlefield. They quickly became dirty places full of disease and suffering. Sometimes there wasn’t enough room for all the wounded and they were just lined up on the ground outside.

How many amputees were in the Civil War?

60,000 amputations

What was the key to having a soldier survive an amputation?

In effect, the wound created an excellent tissue culture medium and then filled it with bacteria to make certain that it became infected. When wounds were in the extremities, they could be surgically cleaned more easily. When the nerves and vessels were damaged, amputation gave the best chance of survival.

What was the average age of a Union soldier during the Civil War?

around 25 years old

What was the most common surgery done during the Civil War?

amputation

What tools did doctors use in the Civil War?

Included are a capital saw, a rongeur (used to cut bone), a tourniquet, two trephines (hole saws used to remove circles of tissue or bone), two knives, four pairs of tweezers, a director, a lancet, and a Hey’s saw (used for cranial resection.)

Who was the union nurse?

Dorothea Dix

Were there hospitals during the Civil War?

By war’s end, there were 204 Union general hospitals with 136,894 beds. During the war, over one million soldiers received care in Union military hospitals, and perhaps a similar number in Confederate hospitals.

What did doctors do during the Civil War?

Upon return to the United States, many doctors became leaders of their profession. These better trained physicians often headed medical schools, and in the Civil War were in the Sanitary Commission and Surgeon General’s office. Most doctors practicing medicine did not have the benefit of a European education.

Did they have antibiotics in the Civil War?

No antibiotics were available, and minor wounds could easily become infected, and hence fatal. While the typical soldier was at risk of being hit by rifle or artillery fire, he faced an even greater risk of dying from disease.