What is Sopep stand for?
The Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP), is a prevention plan intended to eliminate release of hazardous materials into the marine environment, and to respond when such releases do happen.
Who approves Sopep?
SOPEP (MARPOL Regulation I/37) and SMPEP (MARPOL Regulation II/17) onboard RMI ships, as applicable, must be approved by the Administration.
What is Sopep content?
SOPEP contains the general information about the ship and the owner of the ship etc. Steps and procedure to contain the discharge of oil into the sea using SOPEP equipment. It contains the inventory of the SOPEP material provided for pollution prevention such as oil absorbent pads, sawdust bags, booms etc.
What are the 6 annexes of Marpol 73 78?
MARPOL 73/78 Convention
- Annex I: Regulation for the prevention of pollution by oil.
- Annex II: Regulation for the control of pollution by noxious liquid substances.
- Annex III: Regulation for the prevention of pollution by harmful substances carried by sea in packaged form.
- Annex IV: Regulation for the Prevention of pollution by sewage from ships.
Why it is called Marpol 73 78?
The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78, MARPOL is short for International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships and 73/78 short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine …
How many miles can you throw garbage on board?
MARPOL permits unprocessed food waste to be discharged into the sea from vessels proceeding at a distance not less than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land.
What is the main function of Marpol 73 78?
The main objective of what is known as the MARPOL 73/78 Agreement, in force at present, is to achieve the complete elimination of intentional marine environment pollution by hydrocarbons and other harmful substances, and to reduce the accidental discharging of such substances.
How are Marpol regulations enforced?
How are MARPOL Regulations enforced? Each participating country adopts the MARPOL Regulations as part of their national laws. Each country has a law enforcement agency that can arrest and detain MARPOL Regulation violators, if appropriate.
Why is Marpol necessary?
Just like SOLAS, which regulates the shipping industry to follow minimum standards to safeguard life at sea, MARPOL is another important convention which safeguards the marine environment against ship pollution. MAPOL and SOLAS are considered to be two effective safety and environmental protection tools of IMO.
What is the most important feature of Annex V?
Deals with different types of garbage and specifies the distances from land and the manner in which they may be disposed of; The most important feature of the Annex is the complete ban imposed on the disposal into the sea of all forms of plastics.
What annex is regulation for the prevention of pollution by oil?
MARPOL 73/78 Annex I, Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil. Annex I (Oil) came into force on 02.10.1983 and contains conditions for discharge of mixtures containing oil and also requirements applicable to the construction and equipment of tankers larger than 150GRT and other ships larger than 400GRT.
What is Marpol V?
Annex V of the MARPOL Convention aims to eliminate and reduce the amount of garbage being dumped into the sea from ships. Its terms include all kinds of food, domestic and operational waste that are likely to be disposed of during the normal operation of the ship.
What is the title of Regulation 13 of Annex VI?
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) – Regulation 13.
What is SOx and NOx?
The two main pollutants from the ship’s emission are Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Sulphur oxides (SOx). Both NOx and SOx are combustion products that are emitted in to the environment in the form of smoke. MARPOL Annex VI is strictly followed to have the air pollution under control limits.
What is the significance of Regulation 18 of Annex VI?
Regulation 18, Fuel Oil Availability & Quality, provides for situations where a ship may not have compliant fuel oil on board or where it has not been possible to bunker compliant fuel.
What type of emission is covered in Marpol Annex 6?
NOx Emission Standards The NOx emission limits of Regulation 13 of MARPOL Annex VI apply to each marine diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW installed on a ship.
What is the purpose of Annex 6?
MARPOL Annex VI, first adopted in 1997, limits the main air pollutants contained in ships exhaust gas, including sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrous oxides (NOx), and prohibits deliberate emissions of ozone depleting substances (ODS).
Why is IMO 2020?
On 1 January 2020, a new limit on the sulphur content in the fuel oil used on board ships came into force, marking a significant milestone to improve air quality, preserve the environment and protect human health.
Which vessels does Marpol apply to?
It applies to: all ships with the flag of a State member of the Convention, or that operate within its jurisdiction. vessels of any type, operating in the marine environment including hydrofoil boats, air-cushion vehicles, submersible, floating craft and fixed or floating platforms.
What is Marpol requirements?
MARPOL specifies standards for stowing, handling, shipping, and transferring pollutant cargoes, as well as standards for discharge of ship-generated operational wastes. Acceptance of the convention by national government obliges them to make the requirements part of domestic law.
What are Annex VI requirements for EC areas?
Annex VI establishes: Limits on NOx emissions from marine diesel engines with a power output of more than 130 kW. The standards apply to both main propulsion and auxiliary engines and require the engines to be operated in conformance with the Annex VI NOx emission limits. Limits on the sulfur content of marine fuels.
What are the special areas in Marpol?
Special areas under MARPOL Annex 1:
- The Mediterranean Sea.
- Baltic Sea.
- The Black Sea.
- The Red Sea.
- “Gulfs” area.
- The Gulf of Aden.
- Antarctic sea.
- North West European waters.
What is Regulation 3 of this Annex?
Annex II – Regulation 3. is approved by the Administration, when being used for the purpose of combating specific pollution incidents in order to minimize the damage from pollution. Any such discharge shall be subject to the approval of any Government in whose jurisdiction it is contemplated the discharge will occur.