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06/03/2021

What was Alexander the 2 known for?

What was Alexander the 2 known for?

Alexander II (1818-1881) was emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881. He is called the “czar liberator” because he emancipated the serfs in 1861. His reign is famous in Russian history as the “era of great reforms.”

Who was Russia’s greatest reformists *?

The reformist tsar Tsar Alexander I died in March 1855, almost 18 months into the Crimean War. His son and successor, Alexander II, was appalled by the outcomes of the war. The new tsar immediately began to modernisations and reforms. At the top of his list was the abolition of serfdom.

What caused the Russian reform?

causes. Historians have long debated the causes for the Great Reforms. Marxist historians of the former Soviet Union identified economic crisis in the serf economy and increasing peasant disorders before 1861 as proofs of the “crisis of feudalism” and the rising political consciousness of the working masses.

What was Lenin’s real name?

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov

Who won the Civil War in Russia and why?

The Cheka murdered any Whites they found – more than 7000 people were executed, and Red Army generals were kept loyal by taking their families hostage – so the Bolsheviks were united and disciplined towards a single end – winning the war. Finally, the Bolsheviks had what they needed to win the war.

Why did the Bolshevik win the Civil War?

In short, the Bolsheviks were able to win the Russian Civil War because the Whites failed to secure the support of the different national groups, key foreign powers, and the peasantry, while Bolsheviks enjoyed much more authority within Russia and were therefore able to assert their power over the Whites.

What were the results of Russian revolution?

1905 Russian Revolution

Date 22 January 1905 – 16 June 1907 (2 years, 4 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
Location Russia
Result Revolutionaries defeated Nicholas II retains the throne October Manifesto Constitution enacted Establishment of the State Duma