What was characteristic of Spartan society quizlet?
They were economically privleged and had all political power. They were forbidden to engage in farming, trade and industry > done by lower social classes.
What characteristics below best describe the society of Sparta?
Sparta functioned under an oligarchy of two hereditary kings. Unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, Spartan society focused heavily on military training and excellence. Spartan women enjoyed status, power, and respect that was unequaled in the rest of the classical world.
What values are considered important in Spartan society?
The Spartans valued discipline, obedience, and courage above all else. Spartan men learned these values at an early age, when they were trained to be soldiers. Spartan women were also expected to be strong, athletic, and disciplined.
What group was the most important in Spartan society?
Why was Ephors important to Sparta?
The ephors presided over meetings of the council of elders, or gerousia, and assembly, or apella, and were responsible for the execution of their decrees.
What does oligarchy mean?
Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.
What is the best definition of an oligarchy?
Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies.
What are the rights of citizens in a oligarchy?
People living under oligarchic rule usually have some rights and freedoms. In democratic countries, citizens have protected civil and political rights such as freedom of speech and religion, freedom of association, and the right to participate in free and fair elections, and run for political office.
Which government is an oligarchy?
Broadly speaking, an oligarchy is a form of government characterized by the rule of a few persons or families. More specifically, the term was used by Greek philosopher Aristotle in contrast to aristocracy, which was another term to describe rule by a privileged few.
What is an example of oligarchy?
Examples of a historical oligarchies are Sparta and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A modern example of oligarchy could be seen in South Africa during the 20th century. Here, the basic characteristics of oligarchy are particularly easy to observe, since the South African form of oligarchy was based on race.
Can oligarchy be like a dictatorship?
An oligarchy can also mean that a few people control the country. A junta often operates much like a dictatorship, except that several people share power.
Who rules in a democracy?
A democracy is a government run by the people. Each citizen has a say (or vote) in how the government is run. This is different from a monarchy or dictatorship where one person (the king or dictator) has all the power.