What was Sparta political system?
What type of government did ancient Sparta have?
Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other citystates shifted to tyrannies and democracies. A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people.
Why was Athens government better than Spartans?
Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.
What was the government like in Sparta Ancient Greece?
Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles and equal in authority, so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.
Who has rights as a citizen in Sparta?
Men were the only people in Sparta who were considered citizens. Men have to be soldiers and have to start training when they are seven years old. Assemblies are only made up of male members. Males are allowed to be on the Council of Elders and are allowed to attend certain meetings.
What color was most of the clothing worn by ancient Greeks?
Linen was the most common fabric due to the hot climate which lasted most of the year. On the rare occasion of colder weather, ancient Greeks wore wool. Common clothing of the time was plain white, or neutral coloured, sometimes incorporating decorative borders.
What did Spartan armor look like?
Spartan hoplites were often depicted bearing a transverse horsehair crest on their helmet, which was possibly used to identify officers. During the Archaic period, Spartans were armored with flanged bronze cuirasses, leg greaves, and a helmet, often of the Corinthian type.
What is the hair on a Spartan helmet called?
Some of the helmets used by legionaries had a crest holder. The crests were usually made of plumes or horse hair.
What God did Thebes worship?
The patron god of Thebes was Apollo and Dionysus, also called Bacchus and Iacchos. Dionysus’ mother, Semele, was a Theban princess. Sophocles includes in his play Antigone an ode to Dionysus, the guardian of Thebes. Because Thebans had close ties with Delphi, Apollo was also the patron god of the city.
Who was Thebes allied with?
He built 100 triremes. Expedition to Byzantium, Chios and Rhodes (an anti-Athenian effort). Epaminondas sponsored the formation of an Arcadian League (anti-Spartan); the synoecism of Megalopolis; the alliance of Thebes with Tegea, Megalopolis, Messenia, and Argos (against Sparta, Athens, Elis and Achaea [Sicyon]).