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12/19/2019

What was the war between Athens and Sparta?

What was the war between Athens and Sparta?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.).

Who Won the War between Sparta and Athens?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

What war did Athens and Sparta fight and how did it end?

The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. It lasted from 431 BC to 404 BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece.

What is the first major war between Athens and Sparta called?

The Great Peloponnesian War

Why was it so difficult for Athens and Sparta to defeat each other?

It was difficult for Athens and Sparta to defeat each other because their armies were so powerful ,but they also were strong in different ways.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What contributed to Athens losing the Peloponnesian War? – Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. – The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly.

What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian War?

Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly. The Spartans successfully broke through the walls around Athens.

What happened to the Athens after the war?

After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover.

What were the reasons for Athens defeat in the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons.

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens?

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens? Athen’s allies switched to Sparta’s side, the Persian Empire provided aid to Sparta, Spart blockaded Athens.

What changed after the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4th century BCE.

Why did Sparta become a military society?

Sparta: Military Might When they weren’t fighting another city-state, Spartans were honing their military skills in preparation for the next battle. Early in their history, a violent and bloody slave revolt caused the Spartans to change their society. A Spartan baby had to be hardy and healthy.

What are the similarities between Sparta and Athens?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.

How did Athens eventually fall?

The conflict was a drawn out one that saw Sparta control the land while Athens was dominant at sea, however the disastrous Sicilian Expedition severely weakened Athens and the war eventually ended in an Athenian defeat following the Battle of Aegospotami which ended Athenian naval supremacy.

What is Athens famous for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

Is Athens older than Rome?

Athens, of course, is older than Rome, and was considered a big city in its times, but once again nothing compared with ancient Rome, with its 1,7 millions of inhabitants, 45,000+ private buildings, some of them 8-story high, and an extension of 95 square kilometers.

What ended Athens power?

The Final End of Athenian Democracy. A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy. Philip’s decisive victory came in 338 BC, when he defeated a combined force from Athens and Thebes.

Who destroyed the Acropolis?

Parthenon

Why did Athens rebuild the Acropolis?

When the Acropolis was ransacked by the Persians in 580 BC, the Athenians vowed never to rebuild on it. But thirty-three years later, the great statesmen Pericles persuaded the popular assembly to rebuild on it as a lasting testament to the glory of democratic Athens and its empire.

What happened to the Acropolis?

During the Greek Dark Ages (800 B.C. to 480. B.C.), the Acropolis remained largely intact. In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis.

What is Athena the god of?

Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors.

Why is Athena a virgin?

In her aspect as a warrior maiden, Athena was known as Parthenos (Παρθένος “virgin”), because, like her fellow goddesses Artemis and Hestia, she was believed to remain perpetually a virgin. Athena’s most famous temple, the Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis, takes its name from this title.

Who is Athena married to?

Hephaestus

Who is the love goddess?

Aphrodite

What color was Aphrodite’s hair?

Aphrodite and Apollo are blonde, while the rest were depicted as far haired. Due to his nature as the god of death, there weren’t many statues or artistic representations of Hades, but the vases uncovered depict him as dark haired.