What were the Athenian values?
Athens Values Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated. Girls were not educated.
What was important to the Athenian society?
The citizens of Athens decided matters of state in the Assembly of the People, the principle organ of Athen’s democracy. Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home.
What were important values in ancient Greece?
The main ancient Greek values were known as Theoxeny, the right of hospitality, Arete, excellence, Hubris, pride and arrogance and Kelso, glory through some great deeds. In other words, you can say that individualism, rationalism, justice, and pursuit of excellence were the main ancient Greek value of the people.
What valuable resources did Athens have?
But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed. They acquired wood from Italy and grain from Egypt. In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery.
Did ancient Athens have a good economy?
In Athens their economy was based on trade. The land that surrounded Athens didn’t provide the people with enough food. Athens was near the sea which was good because it meant they had a good harbor, and that they could trade easily. They traded with other city-states, and some foreign lands.
Did Athens have slaves?
Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, with an average of three or four slaves per household, except in poor families. Slaves were legally prohibited from participating in politics, which was reserved for citizens.
Who paid taxes in Athens?
Triremes cost huge amounts of money to build, equip and crew, and the Athenian financial elites were the ones that paid to make it happen. The top 1% of male property owners supported the saving or salvation of Athens –called “soteria” – by performing a special kind of public service called “leitourgia,” or liturgy.
What did Athens rely heavily on?
For what reason did the Athenians have to rely heavily on trade? Because the land around them did not provide enough food for all the city’s people, Athens economy was based on trade. they would trade olives, olive oil,honey, silver and pottery. and in exchange would get wood from Italy, and grain from Egypt.
Were Athenian men encouraged to steal?
They were encouraged to steal food, instead. If caught stealing, they were beaten. To avoid severe pain, children learned to be cunning, to lie, to cheat, to steal, and how to get away with it!
Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts?
29.2 Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts? Athens can be called a city of contrasts because, people lived in small uncomfortable houses, but the city’s public buildings were large and spacious.
What did Sparta rely on?
In Sparta their economy is relied on farming and on conquering other people. They did not have enough land to feed all their people so they took their neighbors land. In Sparta they used slaves and noncitiznes to produce the needed goods.
How did Sparta earn money?
Sparta’s economy was based on farming and conquering other lands. Sparta took the land they needed from their neighbors and encouraged military power. Sparta discouraged trade because it was afraid contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken the government.
How did Sparta treat foreigners?
Sparta: In Sparta non-citizens were women, slaves (called the helots), and Perioikoi (free men, usually foreigners). Spartan women were very different from women in other parts of Greece because they received tough physical training. Because of this, the Spartans treated the helots harshly.
Did Sparta welcome foreigners?
There were foreigners (xenoi) in Spartan society but these were not as welcome as in other city-states, and those that did live in Sparta were sometimes forcibly expelled by their overly suspicious and at times positively paranoid hosts.
Why is Athens worse than Sparta?
Two of the most famous and influential city-‐states were Sparta and Athens. Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece.
What were Athens disadvantages?
The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens. This horrible plague killed the Athenian leader Pericles along with many other Athenians, which took a huge toll on their morale. The plague also led to social unrest and lack of unity.
What made Athens special?
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
What made the Athens weak?
Athens’ strengths included its large size, large trireme navy, wealth, and democratic government. Athens’ weaknesses included its unwritten laws, lack of unity at the beginning, insatiable hunger for new territories, and constant power struggles with other poleis.
What are the pros and cons of ancient Athens?
Pros And Cons of Ancient Athenian Democracy and Pros and Cons of American Democracy
- Pros. There was a thriving city. Great economy. State of the art architecture.
- Cons. Slavery. Many people were disenfranchised.
- Pros. in democratic matters.
- Cons. Slavery No pay labor 6%of the population had a right in democratic matters.
Why is Athens the best?
Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They believed they produced the best literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools – many other Greek city-states agreed with them. Athens was the measuring stick. The god in charge of Athens was Athena, goddess of wisdom.
Is Athens a good place to live?
Athens is in Clarke County and is one of the best places to live in Georgia. Living in Athens offers residents a dense suburban feel and most residents rent their homes. In Athens there are a lot of bars, restaurants, and parks. Many young professionals live in Athens and residents tend to lean liberal.