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06/02/2021

Who was found not guilty at Nuremberg?

Who was found not guilty at Nuremberg?

Three of the defendants were acquitted: Hjalmar Schacht, Franz von Papen, and Hans Fritzsche. Four were sentenced to terms of imprisonment ranging from 10 to 20 years: Karl Dönitz, Baldur von Schirach, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath.

What happened to Rudolph Hess?

Rudolf Hess, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler’s former deputy, is found strangled to death in Spandau Prison in Berlin at the age of 93, apparently the victim of suicide. Hess was the last surviving member of Hitler’s inner circle and the sole prisoner at Spandau since 1966.

What did Nuremberg accomplish?

The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.

What was the main purpose of the Nuremberg Code?

The Nuremberg Code aimed to protect human subjects from enduring the kind of cruelty and exploitation the prisoners endured at concentration camps. The 10 elements of the code are: Voluntary consent is essential. The results of any experiment must be for the greater good of society.

Which location indicates the current valid version of the Declaration of Helsinki?

The Declaration was originally adopted in June 1964 in Helsinki, Finland, and has since undergone seven revisions (the most recent at the General Assembly in October 2013) and two clarifications, growing considerably in length from 11 paragraphs in 1964 to 37 in the 2013 version.

What is the Declaration of Helsinki 1964?

Declaration of Helsinki, formal statement of ethical principles published by the World Medical Association (WMA) to guide the protection of human participants in medical research. The Declaration of Helsinki was adopted in 1964 by the 18th WMA General Assembly, at Helsinki.

What is Helsinki declaration based on?

The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including research on identifiable human material and data.

How many ethical pillars does Declaration of Helsinki follow?

1 It was developed from 10 principles first stated in 1947 in the Nuremberg Code and further incorporated elements from the Declaration of Geneva (made in 1948), a statement of the ethical duties of physicians.

Is Helsinki Declaration legally binding?

The Declaration of Helsinki is a central guideline for research ethics adopted by the World Medical Association (WMA) in 1964. The Declaration of Helsinki is not legally binding, but has had major impact on national legislation. Since 2000, it refers explicitly to research using identifiable samples and data.