Who was right Athens or Sparta?
The answer is entirely subjective, depending on what you judge best. If you prefer a reglemanted, military based, hard life, then Sparta is the ‘better’ of the two. If, on the contrary, you prefer the confortable, lofty and academic life, Athens would be the one.
Who was the commander of the Persian army?
What did mardonius do?
According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Mardonius was one of those who encouraged King Xerxes I, Darius’ successor, to invade Greece. After the Achaemenid defeat at Salamis he persuaded Xerxes to return to Asia and himself stayed behind with a large army.
What two city states had a bitter war that led to the decline of the ancient Greek civilization?
Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.
Who destroyed the Persian fleet during the first expedition to invade mainland Greece?
However, while seeking to destroy the combined Greek fleet, the Persians suffered a severe defeat at the Battle of Salamis. The following year, the confederated Greeks went on the offensive, decisively defeating the Persian army at the Battle of Plataea, and ending the invasion of Greece by the Achaemenid Empire.
What happened in the battle of Plataea?
The Battle of Plataea was the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It was a decisive victory for the Greeks as it ended that war. The Greeks refused to be drawn into the open cavalry ground near the Persian camp, and this led to a stalemate which lasted eleven days.
What was the largest Spartan army?
This was probably the largest Spartan force ever assembled. The Greek army had been reinforced by contingents of hoplites from the other Allied city-states, as shown in the table….Greeks.
|Number of hoplites||10,000|
|Number of hoplites||8,000|