Why were the helots important to Sparta?
The people of Messene were taken hostage as slaves or helots and were used to farm the lands they had once possessed. The helots’ work helped to make Sparta a wealthy city, and in time they became trusted members of Spartan families. Helots could also seek their freedom by volunteering for military engagements.
Why was Sparta’s military so powerful?
During the 5th century BC Sparta was very powerful. This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Sparta focused on producing good soldiers and all Spartan male citizens were part of the army. The Spartan army played an important role in the Greek victory over the Persians, in 480-479 BC.
What was a Helot and what impact did they have on the development of Sparta?
The helots were in a sense state slaves, bound to the soil and assigned to individual Spartans to till their holdings; their masters could neither free them nor sell them, and the helots had a limited right to accumulate property, after paying to their masters a fixed proportion of the produce of the holding.
How did Sparta rise to power?
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). At age 7, Spartan boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program.
What were women’s rights in Athens?
Legally, women’s rights were limited. They were barred from political participation, and Athenian women were not permitted to represent themselves in law, though it seems that metic women could. Athenian women had limited capacity to own property, although they could have significant dowries, and could inherit items.
What were the gender roles in Athens?
Ancient Athens was most definitely a male dominated society, and the exclusion of women from politics and civic daily life influenced the areas where women weren’t excluded, such as religion. Women were important to maintaining Athenian society and were especially important in fulfilling religious rituals.
What were female slaves expected to do in ancient Greece?
Ownership of domestic slaves was common, the domestic male slave’s main role being to stand in for his master at his trade and to accompany him on trips. In time of war he was batman to the hoplite. The female slave carried out domestic tasks, in particular bread baking and textile making.
Who was considered to be a citizen in Athens?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote.
What type of people lived in ancient Athens?
By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Approximately 8,000 Spartiates (adult male citizens) ruled over a population of 100,000 enslaved and semi-enslaved people.
Who invented citizenship?
What groups were excluded from Athenian citizenship?
Citizenship in Athens This excluded a majority of the population: slaves, freed slaves, children, women and metics (foreign residents in Athens). The women had limited rights and privileges, had restricted movement in public, and were very segregated from the men.